How can I incorporate more probiotics and prebiotics into my diet through food sources, and what are some good food sources of both?

June 30, 2023 2 min read

How can I incorporate more probiotics and prebiotics into my diet through food sources, and what are some good food sources of both?

Probiotics and prebiotics can be easily incorporated into the diet through various food sources. Here are some examples of food sources for both:

Probiotic Food Sources:

  1. Yogurt: Yogurt is one of the most well-known sources of probiotics. It contains live cultures of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus, which can help improve gut health.
  2. Kefir: Kefir is a fermented milk drink that contains multiple strains of beneficial bacteria and yeast. It is rich in probiotics and has a tangy, slightly sour taste.
  3. Sauerkraut: Sauerkraut is a type of fermented cabbage that contains high levels of Lactobacillus bacteria. It can be eaten as a side dish or added to sandwiches and salads.
  4. Kimchi: Kimchi is a Korean dish made from fermented vegetables, typically cabbage. It is rich in beneficial bacteria and has a spicy, tangy flavor.
  5. Kombucha: Kombucha is a fermented tea that is rich in probiotics and other beneficial compounds, such as antioxidants and organic acids.

Prebiotic Food Sources:

  1. Garlic: Garlic is rich in fructooligosaccharides (FOS), which are prebiotic fibers that can help promote the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
  2. Onions: Onions contain inulin, a type of prebiotic fiber that can help improve gut health and digestion.
  3. Bananas: Bananas are a rich source of prebiotic fiber, particularly resistant starch, which can help improve gut health and regulate blood sugar levels.
  4. Asparagus: Asparagus contains high levels of inulin, a prebiotic fiber that can help improve gut health and reduce inflammation.
  5. Jerusalem artichoke: Jerusalem artichokes are a type of root vegetable that are rich in inulin, making them an excellent prebiotic food source.

Incorporating probiotics and prebiotics into the diet can be as simple as adding a serving of yogurt or sauerkraut to a meal or snacking on a banana or some raw garlic. It is recommended to aim for a variety of probiotic and prebiotic food sources to ensure a diverse and healthy gut microbiome.

References:

  1. Gibson GR, Hutkins R, Sanders ME, et al. Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) consensus statement on the definition and scope of prebiotics. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Aug;14(8):491-502.
  2. Guarner F, Khan AG, Garisch J, et al. World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines: Probiotics and prebiotics. February 2017.
  3. Slavin J. Fiber and prebiotics: mechanisms and health benefits. Nutrients. 2013 Apr 22;5(4):1417-35.
  4. Probiotics and Prebiotics: FAQ. International Food Information Council Foundation. Accessed on April 30, 2021. https://foodinsight.org/faq-probiotics-and-prebiotics/


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